Previously we wrote about Velvet the Fabric of Nobility, now let us introduce you to the different types of velvet. To start, this fabric is woven on a special loom that weaves with the thickness of two materials at the same time. The two pieces are then cut apart to create the pile effect, and the two lengths of fabric are wound on separate rolls. This complicated process meant that it was expensive to make before industrial power looms became available.
Different Types of Velvet:Crushed
This type is extremely lustrous and somewhat crushed. This type of velvet can be produced by pressing the fabric down in different directions. It can also be produced by mechanically twisting the fabric while wet. The result is patterned appearance that is very lustrous.
Types of Velvet:Lyons
A densely woven, stiff, heavier weight pile velvet used for hats, coat collars and garments. A densely woven, stiff, heavier weight pile velvet used for hats, coat collars, decorative pillows and garments.
Types of Velvet:Plain
Commonly made of cotton and has a plain weave on the backside of the fabric. This type of velvet has a firm hand and can be used for many purposes. It can be used for curtains, upholstery and carpeting. It can be printed on small motifs.
Striking and beautiful. Images are sunk into the pile of the velvet so that you get a textural as well as visual effect. A metal roller is used to heat stamp the fabric, producing a pattern. This different type of velvet is very cute and works well for girls dresses.
The Season For Different Types of Velvet
It’s that time of year when velvet starts making its triumphant comeback with holiday dresses for girls and ladies of all ages. The perfect way to make a grand entrance. Considered the fabric of the holidays anything from coats to stockings are made from velvet which gives that warm cozy feel to holiday festivities. Although it is heavily used during the holiday season, it is also great for year round events such as weddings, formal parties, birthday parties and for manufacturing apparel.
Historical background on Velvet
Traditionally, associated with nobility, dating back to the medieval era velvet was introduced to European nobility by Crusaders returning from the Middle East. This extravagant material became a symbol of wealth and power in Europe and was so favored by kings and queens. Although they are used in everyday clothing today different types of velvet are still celebrated for their beauty and elegance.
Different Types of Satin
Recently we told you all about Satin its care and uses and how it is the fabric of royalty, well now let us introduce you to all the different types of satin. Prized for centuries this fabric has been thought of as the most luscious fabric in existence. Smooth and silky, in many places this fabric represents royalty. Below we explain some of the many variations of satin.
Different Types of Satin: Antique
Commonly woven from rayon and acetate using various colors and yarn thicknesses. This gives antique satin fabric a textured feel and iridescent appearance. This type of satin is mainly used as a decorative fabric primarily for draperies. Unlike wedding satin with the shiny weave visible, antique satin is made of small textures on the surface.
Types of Satin: Charmuse
Charmuse can often withstand machine washing, but it does not breath as well as silk satin. Charmeuse has traditionally been a popular fabric for women’s clothing. Today, it is commonly found in wedding dresses, bridesmaid dresses and flower girl dresses. Generally made of silk, rayon or polyester, this fabric has a shiny face and dull back.
Types of Satin: Crepe Back
One side of the fabric is silk while the other is crepe making the appearance of the fabric either shiny or dull. Can be used in specialty outfits such as wedding dresses, party dresses and sometimes even in lingerie. A reversible fabric which can either be used on the satin or crepe side.
Types of Satin: Silk
The most luxurious of all satin’s are silk. This fabric is light weight, very shimmery and is breathable making it ideal for sleep wear. Silk satin is the most traditional and most coveted satin today.
Types of Satin: Stretched Satin
Stretched Satin is the same as ordinary satin fabric expect with an additional 5% spandex added. This type of satin carries the same uses as regular satin although it incorporates a form fitting look to the garment. Can be used in the making of pants, sports apparel and dresses.
Different Types of Satin-Uses for Satin
Satin fabric is commonly used in many different aspects of every day life such as baseball jackets, athletic shorts, women’s lingerie, nightgowns, blouses and evening gowns. The fabric is also used in Men’s boxer shorts, briefs, shirts and neckties. A interesting use is in the production of pointy shoes for ballet. Other uses include interior furnishing, fabrics, upholstery and bed sheets.
Dating back to the Middle Ages where it originated in China, satin was made of silk; consequently it was very expensive, used only by the upper classes. Satin became famous in Europe during the twelfth century and has prospered since. Thank you for taking the time to learn more about the different types of satin.
Organza the Occasion Fabric
The Occasion fabric Organza is perfect for luxurious party dresses. Often it is used to make tablecloths, light curtains, and formal dresses. Traditionally this fabric was made of silk and was very expensive. Today, many modern organza’s are woven with synthetic filament fibers such as polyester or nylon. This new synthetic fabric is more common and much less expensive. This fabric is incredibly soft and flowing, unlike other sheer fabrics like tulle, it has less stiffness. Multiple organza layers in a garment will permit a gentle sway.
Crystal and Mirror Organza can be embellished into many different patterns and prints.
Caring for Organza
Easy to care for fabric that most often can simply be thrown in the washing machine and hung to dry. Use the washing machine’s cool or warm setting and take care not to include anything else that could catch onto the fabric. When ironing make sure to keep the iron at a low heat to avoid burning. Some Organza fabric will need dry cleaning.
Used as an underlying to protect the delicate fabrics that are used in bridal dresses as well as commonly used for constructing little girl’s dresses. The fabric can also be used for party decor, curtains, tablecloths, bags as well as many other applications.
The silk fiber is chiefly composed of 80% of fibrin, which is protein in nature and 20% of servicing, which is otherwise called as silk gum. Organza is produced in India and the United States as well as other countries. Often it is made from a mixture of nylon and polyester. Organza can be made very soft or a bit firmer. Organza is one of the materials that can be dyed often very quickly. This characteristic allows it to be used most often in prom and evening dresses to create an airy look.
The quality depends on the type of silk and how the silk fibers are woven together. The detail and fringe quality of the fabric make it more expensive than most fabrics. Although the highest quality is from France or Italy, fabric produced in India and the United States often uses a mixture of nylon and polyester to create usable organza that is both cost effective and smooth to the touch.
Organza Fabric in clothing
When it comes to attire, organza fabric is a staple of formal dresses as a way to create full skirts and a graceful fall. One of its main uses is in the construction of wedding dresses which help to make the big day all that more special. Between wedding attire and evening fashions, organza fabric has a secure future in the world of fashion. Now that you have read about Organza, to learn about cotton read All about Cotton-Care and use of a versatile fabric.
All about Cotton-Care and Use of a Versatile Fabric
We all love cotton and wear it, but do we really know what it consists of, where its mostly made or anything specific about its production? This fabric is made from a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including The Americas, Africa, and India. There are four commercially grown species of cotton:
- Gossypium Herbaceum- less than 2% of the worlds population.
- Gossypium Barbadense- 8% of the worlds population.
- Gossypium Arboreum- 2% of the world population.
- Gossypium Hirsutum– which is considered upland cotton that makes up 90% of the world population.
The largest producers are China and India, with annual production anywhere from 27-34 billion bales a year. Most people don’t notice, but cotton is used to create many of the vital necessities of the world such as bed sheets, towels, robes, cambric, coffee filters, jeans and even the shirts on our backs. In addition to the textile industry, it is used in fishing nests, coffee filters, tents and for bookbinding
Cotton, on average, is mostly made up of about age 80-90% cellulose. Containing 6-8% water, 0.5-1% of waxes, 0.1.5% of protein, 4- 6% of hemicellulose and pectin’s and 1-1.8% ash.
There are several different types of cotton fabric about over 2,500 distinguished by structure, appearance and purpose. Here are some just to name a few.
Gingham: lightweight, washable, stout fabric is a sheer, lightly woven stout fabric that is woven in checks, plaids or stripes
Gauze: sheer, lightly woven fabric similar to cheesecloth. Is also made in silk
Percale: light weight, closely woven, sturdy fabric that can be found printed or in dark or light colors
Flannel: plain or twill weave with a slight nap on one or both sides
Seersucker: lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into lengthwise stripe
The durability and versatility of this fabric is what makes it a prime choice for our everyday items and luckily it is also very easy to care for cotton. Cotton can be machine washed and dried with no ill effects. To prevent bleeding, similar colors should be washed together on the specific heat setting for that color family. To keep your garments from stretching, dry the article half in the dryer and half on the line. Towels can also be kept soft by using only half of the recommended detergent because detergent residue erodes cotton.
Now that you’ve learned about cotton learn more about organza