Previously we wrote about Velvet the Fabric of Nobility, now let us introduce you to the different types of velvet. To start, this fabric is woven on a special loom that weaves with the thickness of two materials at the same time. The two pieces are then cut apart to create the pile effect, and the two lengths of fabric are wound on separate rolls. This complicated process meant that it was expensive to make before industrial power looms became available.
Different Types of Velvet:Crushed
This type is extremely lustrous and somewhat crushed. This type of velvet can be produced by pressing the fabric down in different directions. It can also be produced by mechanically twisting the fabric while wet. The result is patterned appearance that is very lustrous.
Types of Velvet:Lyons
A densely woven, stiff, heavier weight pile velvet used for hats, coat collars and garments. A densely woven, stiff, heavier weight pile velvet used for hats, coat collars, decorative pillows and garments.
Types of Velvet:Plain
Commonly made of cotton and has a plain weave on the backside of the fabric. This type of velvet has a firm hand and can be used for many purposes. It can be used for curtains, upholstery and carpeting. It can be printed on small motifs.
Striking and beautiful. Images are sunk into the pile of the velvet so that you get a textural as well as visual effect. A metal roller is used to heat stamp the fabric, producing a pattern. This different type of velvet is very cute and works well for girls dresses.
The Season For Different Types of Velvet
It’s that time of year when velvet starts making its triumphant comeback with holiday dresses for girls and ladies of all ages. The perfect way to make a grand entrance. Considered the fabric of the holidays anything from coats to stockings are made from velvet which gives that warm cozy feel to holiday festivities. Although it is heavily used during the holiday season, it is also great for year round events such as weddings, formal parties, birthday parties and for manufacturing apparel.
Historical background on Velvet
Traditionally, associated with nobility, dating back to the medieval era velvet was introduced to European nobility by Crusaders returning from the Middle East. This extravagant material became a symbol of wealth and power in Europe and was so favored by kings and queens. Although they are used in everyday clothing today different types of velvet are still celebrated for their beauty and elegance.
Ever wonder what is the fabric of your special occasion dress? There is a great chance it might be Shantung. Most people probably have never heard of the fabric but it is used in many formal wear items due to its heavy weight and durable construction. The fabric is most often nubby in texture. It is sometimes mistaken for Dupioni but has a more matte finish, less nubby than Dupioni. Although the two are very similar, if you prefer a smoother fabric you should choose Shantung for your dresses versus Dupioni. There are many different commercially sold variations of this fabric and listed below are just a few. Follow our series on fabric types by reading Satin the Fabric of Royalty
Taffeta: This is a polyester material from which the natural gum is not removed after weaving. It has the crispness of a Taffeta that is no made from Shantung.
Nylon: Made with Nylon with a Nylon filament warp and a spun nylon yarn in the filling. This fabric has a peculiar type of stiffness.
Rayon: Made with a filament acetate yarn in the warp and spun rayon in the filling.
Changeable: The warp yarns are dyed one color, the filing yarns another. Sometimes the slub filing is dyed several colors. Creates a changeable color surfaces.
Figure Weaves: A design that may be woven fabric to produce a figure on a shantung background.
As mentioned before shantung be used in many formal pieces of attire such as Men’s suits and jackets, and any thing from Women’s formal Wedding Dresses to Girls Flower Girl Dresses. Another good use for Shantung is for draperies due to its visible sheen.
Properties and History
Shantung is named for the part of China from which it originates. Dupioni is named for the part of Italy that the fabric originated.. Both are traditionally made from silk, but cotton or any synthetic fibers such as polyester is now commonly used in production of the fabrics. We hope that you enjoyed this article about Shantung.
All about Cotton-Care and Use of a Versatile Fabric
We all love cotton and wear it, but do we really know what it consists of, where its mostly made or anything specific about its production? This fabric is made from a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including The Americas, Africa, and India. There are four commercially grown species of cotton:
Gossypium Herbaceum- less than 2% of the worlds population.
Gossypium Barbadense- 8% of the worlds population.
Gossypium Arboreum- 2% of the world population.
Gossypium Hirsutum– which is considered upland cotton that makes up 90% of the world population.
The largest producers are China and India, with annual production anywhere from 27-34 billion bales a year. Most people don’t notice, but cotton is used to create many of the vital necessities of the world such as bed sheets, towels, robes, cambric, coffee filters, jeans and even the shirts on our backs. In addition to the textile industry, it is used in fishing nests, coffee filters, tents and for bookbinding
Cotton, on average, is mostly made up of about age 80-90% cellulose. Containing 6-8% water, 0.5-1% of waxes, 0.1.5% of protein, 4- 6% of hemicellulose and pectin’s and 1-1.8% ash.
There are several different types of cotton fabric about over 2,500 distinguished by structure, appearance and purpose. Here are some just to name a few.
Gingham: lightweight, washable, stout fabric is a sheer, lightly woven stout fabric that is woven in checks, plaids or stripes
Gauze: sheer, lightly woven fabric similar to cheesecloth. Is also made in silk
Percale: light weight, closely woven, sturdy fabric that can be found printed or in dark or light colors
Flannel: plain or twill weave with a slight nap on one or both sides
Seersucker: lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into lengthwise stripe
The durability and versatility of this fabric is what makes it a prime choice for our everyday items and luckily it is also very easy to care for cotton. Cotton can be machine washed and dried with no ill effects. To prevent bleeding, similar colors should be washed together on the specific heat setting for that color family. To keep your garments from stretching, dry the article half in the dryer and half on the line. Towels can also be kept soft by using only half of the recommended detergent because detergent residue erodes cotton.