Different Types of Cotton
Previously we talked about the Care and uses of Cotton in this post we will go in depth about the different types of cotton listed in that post, their care and common uses associated with them. To start this fabric is made from a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including The Americas, Africa, and India. Listed below are just a few variations of cotton.
Different Types of Cotton-Gingham
A lightweight, washable, sometimes sheer stout lightly woven fabric, that is woven in checks, plaids or stripes. Along with muslin, gingham is often used while designing fashions and very often is used to make children’s clothing.
Types of Cotton-Gauze
A sheer, lightly woven fabric similar to cheesecloth. It is also made in silk. Cotton gauze by the yard is popular for garments such as loose peasant tops and full skirts and dresses because it is comfortable. This fabric has also become popular with designers and new mothers because it is so comfortable.
Types of Cotton-Percale
A lightweight, closely woven, sturdy fabric that can be found printed in dark and light colors. Percale was originally imported from India in the 17th and 18th centuries, then manufactured in France.
Types of Cotton-Flannel
A plain or twill weave with a slight nap on one or both sides. May be used in all different types of traditional clothing such as trousers. Flannel may be brushed to create extra softness or remain in it’s original state. It is also known to have a shaggy look. Flannel is most often used for night apparel and for children’s clothing because it is so soft.
Types of Cotton-Seersucker
A lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into a lengthwise stripe.When seersucker was first introduced in the United States, it was used for a broad array of clothing items because it is comfortable, light weight and easily washed.
Different Types of Cotton-History of Cotton
Although it is unclear where cotton originates from, the largest producers are China and India with annual production anywhere from 27-34 billion bales a year. Most people don’t notice, but cotton is used to create many of the vital necessities of the world such as bed sheets, towels, robes, jeans and even the shirts on our backs. Regardless of the type of cotton itself, it is used in our everyday lives for many different purposes. In addition to the textile industry, cotton is used in fishing nests, coffee filters, tents and for bookbinding.
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All about Cotton-Care and Use of a Versatile Fabric
We all love cotton and wear it, but do we really know what it consists of, where its mostly made or anything specific about its production? This fabric is made from a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including The Americas, Africa, and India. There are four commercially grown species of cotton:
- Gossypium Herbaceum- less than 2% of the worlds population.
- Gossypium Barbadense- 8% of the worlds population.
- Gossypium Arboreum- 2% of the world population.
- Gossypium Hirsutum– which is considered upland cotton that makes up 90% of the world population.
The largest producers are China and India, with annual production anywhere from 27-34 billion bales a year. Most people don’t notice, but cotton is used to create many of the vital necessities of the world such as bed sheets, towels, robes, cambric, coffee filters, jeans and even the shirts on our backs. In addition to the textile industry, it is used in fishing nests, coffee filters, tents and for bookbinding
Cotton, on average, is mostly made up of about age 80-90% cellulose. Containing 6-8% water, 0.5-1% of waxes, 0.1.5% of protein, 4- 6% of hemicellulose and pectin’s and 1-1.8% ash.
There are several different types of cotton fabric about over 2,500 distinguished by structure, appearance and purpose. Here are some just to name a few.
Gingham: lightweight, washable, stout fabric is a sheer, lightly woven stout fabric that is woven in checks, plaids or stripes
Gauze: sheer, lightly woven fabric similar to cheesecloth. Is also made in silk
Percale: light weight, closely woven, sturdy fabric that can be found printed or in dark or light colors
Flannel: plain or twill weave with a slight nap on one or both sides
Seersucker: lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into lengthwise stripe
The durability and versatility of this fabric is what makes it a prime choice for our everyday items and luckily it is also very easy to care for cotton. Cotton can be machine washed and dried with no ill effects. To prevent bleeding, similar colors should be washed together on the specific heat setting for that color family. To keep your garments from stretching, dry the article half in the dryer and half on the line. Towels can also be kept soft by using only half of the recommended detergent because detergent residue erodes cotton.
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