All about Cotton-Care and Use of a Versatile Fabric
We all love cotton and wear it, but do we really know what it consists of, where its mostly made or anything specific about its production? This fabric is made from a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world, including The Americas, Africa, and India. There are four commercially grown species of cotton:
- Gossypium Herbaceum- less than 2% of the worlds population.
- Gossypium Barbadense- 8% of the worlds population.
- Gossypium Arboreum- 2% of the world population.
- Gossypium Hirsutum– which is considered upland cotton that makes up 90% of the world population.
The largest producers are China and India, with annual production anywhere from 27-34 billion bales a year. Most people don’t notice, but cotton is used to create many of the vital necessities of the world such as bed sheets, towels, robes, cambric, coffee filters, jeans and even the shirts on our backs. In addition to the textile industry, it is used in fishing nests, coffee filters, tents and for bookbinding
Cotton, on average, is mostly made up of about age 80-90% cellulose. Containing 6-8% water, 0.5-1% of waxes, 0.1.5% of protein, 4- 6% of hemicellulose and pectin’s and 1-1.8% ash.
There are several different types of cotton fabric about over 2,500 distinguished by structure, appearance and purpose. Here are some just to name a few.
Gingham: lightweight, washable, stout fabric is a sheer, lightly woven stout fabric that is woven in checks, plaids or stripes
Gauze: sheer, lightly woven fabric similar to cheesecloth. Is also made in silk
Percale: light weight, closely woven, sturdy fabric that can be found printed or in dark or light colors
Flannel: plain or twill weave with a slight nap on one or both sides
Seersucker: lightweight cotton fabric crinkled into lengthwise stripe
The durability and versatility of this fabric is what makes it a prime choice for our everyday items and luckily it is also very easy to care for cotton. Cotton can be machine washed and dried with no ill effects. To prevent bleeding, similar colors should be washed together on the specific heat setting for that color family. To keep your garments from stretching, dry the article half in the dryer and half on the line. Towels can also be kept soft by using only half of the recommended detergent because detergent residue erodes cotton.
Now that you’ve learned about cotton learn more about organza